Our Work

DFIDs Support for Civil Society Organisations through Programme Partnership Arrangements (ICAI)


Evaluation of DFID’s Programme Partnership Arrangements

Agulhas led the evaluation of DFID’s Programme Partnership Arrangements – one of the principal mechanisms through which it funds civil society organisations (CSOs). DFID provide a total of £120 million a year to 41 organisations, with grants ranging from £151,000 to £11 million. Through the PPAs, DFID supports CSOs that share its objectives and have strong delivery capacity. It provides CSOs with ‘unrestricted’ funding, giving them the flexibility to follow agreed strategic priorities. This work assesses the effectiveness and value for money of the PPA instrument, looking at partner selection, reporting and accountability. This evaluation looked in detail at the six PPA recipients: Christian Aid; Action Aid; WWF; Restless Development; Conciliation Resources; and the Ethical Trading Initiative.

Areas of Expertise

Aid policy

  • Aid effectiveness
  • Performance management and accountability


  • Civil society

Christian Aid’s response

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