In this review, the Agulhas team identified common themes in managing successful industrial transitions from a fossil fuel based economy towards one that is more low carbon led.

The review identified a typology of interventions:

  1. Early retirement/pension/financial compensation for workers
  2. Job retraining and skills development
  3. Infrastructure regeneration projects
  4. Regional support schemes
  5. Forums for stakeholder participation and dialogue

The review identified five case studies:

  1. Spain: Revitalising Metropolitan Bilbao
  2. North East England: Fostering entrepreneurship in low carbon technology
  3. China: Heavy industry to high-tech transition in Shenyang City
  4. Germany: Lignite mining to tourism in Lausitz
  5. Scotland: Putting the enabling framework in place for transition

Findings:

The review found that transition to a low carbon economy has the potential to add more value than simply reducing pollution. Transition policy can create dynamic, inclusive, healthy regions, with better work opportunities and thus provide a source of regional prosperity and pride. The obligation to address climate change creates an opportunity to design climate policy in a way that can deliver a source of community regeneration and renewal rather than just prevent loss. Well-managed transitions can result in a revitalization of a region, with enhanced prosperity and well-being by moving away from ‘economic lock-in’ from high carbon industry. It makes recommendations for policy makers and for grant makers.

Areas of expertise:

  • Enabling a successful transition from fossil fuels to low carbon
  • Industrial transition
  • Transition Funds
  • Stakeholder dialogue
  • Social dialogue